Canada: Marijuana-Smoking Students Do Better At School Than Tobacco-Smoking Classmates


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Students who smoke only marijuana do better at school than classmates who smoke only tobacco, or who smoke both tobacco and marijuana, according to a new study which tracked substance use among teens over a 30-year period.

Scientists at the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health looked at data from a survey given to nearly 39,000 Ontario students between 1981 and 2011, reports Andrea Janus at CTV News. Students in Grades 7, 9 and 11 were asked by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health about their tobacco and marijuana use, and about their academic performance.

Cannabis-only users did better at school than their peers who smoked only tobacco or who smoked both tobacco and cannabis. The findings reflect the fact that fewer students smoke tobacco now than was the case 30 years ago, and those who do make up a "marginalized, vulnerable" population, according to the study's lead author, Michael Chaiton, assistant professor of epidemiology and public health policy.

Almost all the tobacco users -- 92 percent -- also use cannabis, according to the study. However, only one in four marijuana smokers (25 percent) also used tobacco.

"It's better relatively," Chaiton said of marijuana smokers' academic performance. However, marijuana users didn't outperform non-users, Chaiton said -- but neither did non-users outperform marijuana users.

Canada: Injunction Granted; Patients Can Continue To Grow Their Own Medical Marijuana


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Canadian medical marijuana patients who are currently licensed to grow their own cannabis will be allowed to continue doing so, despite new regulations banning homegrown which start on April 1, a Federal Court judge ruled last Friday.

Judge Michael Manson granted an injunction to a group of medical marijuana patients who asked the judge to block the rule, preserving the status quo until a constitutional challenge of the new system can be heard, reports The Canadian Press.

The decision is a blow to Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Conservative government's attempt to shift control of the country's medical marijuana system from the roughly 37,000 enrolled patients to the government. The Conservatives claim the current system has problems ranging from unsafe grow operations to infiltration by criminals.

Under the new rules, only commercial growers would be allowed to cultivate cannabis. Friday's injunction doesn't affect the new licensing system.

Health Canada had ordered patients who are licensed to grow marijuana under the old rules to confirm they had destroyed their plants, or they would be reported to the police.

The patients acting as plaintiffs in the lawsuit argued the growing ban violates their right to access important medicine, because cannabis is expected to be more expensive under the new system. They also say they won't have much control over which strains of marijuana are available.

Canada: Student Uses Medical Marijuana Vaporizer Inside Calgary High School


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Smoking marijuana at school would earn most students a quick suspension -- and possibly arrest -- but Noah Kirkman is actually encourage to smoke pot at Western Canada High School.

Kirkman, 15, is a licensed medical marijuana patient; he's found that cannabis is a much more effective treatment for Tourette Syndrome and attention deficit disorder than the prescription pharmaceuticals he'd been using, reports Jeremy Nolais at Metro.

"It doesn't have any withdrawal effects and I can't overdose on it," explained Noah, who wants to be a photojourjnalist. "It helps keep me calm; it helps keep me focused."

Noah got his medical marijuana card in September, and he and his mother Lisa said they asked the Calgary Board of Education to discuss how he could use his medicine on school property.

It was eventually agreed that Noah could stop by the vice-principal's office and use his cannabis vaporizer three times a day: before class, at lunch and after class.

"I'm extremely proud of my son for speaking out," Lisa, also a licensed medical marijuana patient, told Hemp News Sunday night. "The cannabis has replaced a ridiculous amount of pharmaceuticals that he's had to use since he was four years old, simply to be able to function, let alone succeed in school."

Canada: RCMP Seizes Medical Marijuana Smoking Mountie's Uniform


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

An officer in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police has had his uniform seized by fellow Mounties after pictures circulated of him smoking medical marijuana while wearing his uniform. Cpl. Ronald Francis was quoted saying he should be able to smoke marijuana while in uniform in order to treat his post-traumatic stress disorder.

RCMP officials say they'd previously told Francis he couldn't smoke cannabis while in uniform.

Francis said two officers showed up at his home at Kingsclear First Nation in New Brunswick on Thursday evening, reports CBC News.

His cousin shot video footage as the officers took Francis's regular working uniform, "anything that identified me as a member of the RCMP: my work shirts, work pants, my jackets, my gloves, my hat, my cap badget," he said.

"I worked hard for that uniform," Francis said. "I bled for that uniform. I cried for that uniform for 21 years. They ordered me to give the only thing that I've lived and identified with for 21 years."

"But they will not get back their medal for my 20 years of exemplary service with the RCMP," Francis added.

"It was very emotional for me. I spent 20 years of my life in service to this country and stood up for the members that stand up for the Canadian public and they took one of the things that was most valuable to me 'cause I earned that uniform, like any other member of that division," Francis said.

Canada: Manitoba Harvest Hemp Foods Passes Food Safety and Quality Recertification


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Manitoba Harvest Hemp Foods on Wednesday announced that its facility, located in Winnipeg, "aced" the British Retail Consortium (BRC) Global Standards Recertification. According to Manitoba Harvest, it is the world's largest hemp food manufacturer, growing, making and selling their own hemp foods.

The company improved a full "grade" from their first certification last year, according to chief executive officer and cofounder Mike Fata. "Improving our BRC Certification standing to 'A-Grade' showcases our commitment to continuous improvement -- especially when it comes to food safety and quality," Fata said.

"If a school had a hemp production program we'd already have our Ph.D.," Fata said. "Receiving a top grade in our recertification validates our team's commitment to quality."

BRC Certification is considered the world's leading food safety and quality certification program, and is used by suppliers in more than 100 countries.

To receive BRC Certification, Manitoba Harvest underwent a voluntary audit by a third-party certification body that ensures the production, packaging, storage and distribution of safe food and consumer products. The annual certification is meant to reassure retailers and consumers of the capability and competence of Manitoba Harvest's facility, and therefore the integrity of its products.

Celebrating their 15th year in business, Manitoba Harvest Hemp Foods offers products like hemp hearts (raw shelled hemp seeds) and Hemp Pro 70 (hemp protein concentrate).

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Vietnam: Canadian Marijuana Finds Export Market


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Young Vietnamese cannabis users like imported marijuana better than the local product; their taste for Canadian and American cannabis goes along with their penchant for and Adidas and iPhones. Vietnamese youth have long shown preferences for imported goods of all kinds, and weed is no exception.

Potent North American marijuana is "easy to buy" in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, reports Chris Brummitt of The Associated Press, but it sells for up to 10 times the price of Vietnamese cannabis.

Marijuana is a part of Vietnamese culture, and has long been cultivated locally, as just about any Vietnam veteran could tell you. Despite the tendency of some revisionists to blame the local popularity of cannabis on the departed American troops, it grows wild in much of the country.

The trade in North American pot can be explained by the role Vietnamese gangs play in cultivating it in Canada and the U.S., according to some experts, which makes sourcing it and smuggling it back to Vietnam easier than it would be otherwise.

Vietnamese criminal gangs got into the marijuana cultivation business in North America back in the 1980s; they found a niche and expanded, and now account for a sizable share of the business in Europe as well, according to the AP.

Canada: Kush Bottles Announces New Canadian Division


Kush Bottles, the largest wholesale distributor of pharmaceutical grade containers for the natural health and medical marijuana industry in the United States, on Wednesday announced that they will be opening a new division to serve the Canadian market.

Canada is ushering in what it projects to be a $1.3 billion medical marijuana market, as it replaces small and homegrown cannabis production with marijuana produced by large farms (courtesy of the Stephen Harper's Conservative government). The market could eventually serve up to 450,000 Canadians, according to government estimates.

Health Canada is placing no limits on the number of these new capital-intensive facilities, which will have mandatory vaults and security systems. Already 156 firms have applied for lucrative producer and distributor status since June, with at least two already receiving licenses.

"We look forward to providing dispensaries with the highest quality packaging materials, bags, bottles, and labels in the newly established Canadian legal marijuana market," said Nicholas Kovacevich, COO of Kush Bottles. "With our experience in the industry and our high quality product line – including the world's finest child-safe bottles and vials, we are confident that we can help Canadian businesses in their quest to operate safe and successful ventures."

Kush Bottles said will be offering their products and their consulting services in Canada within the next few weeks.

Canada: Company Gets Government Contract To Research and Develop Medical Marijuana


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

MediJean, a bio-pharmaceutical medical marijuana company in Vancouver, B.C., Canada, on Tuesday released details on how the company is performing research and development around medical marijuana in Canada. The company is one of the first in Canada to get a research and development exemption from Health Canada that permits it to grow cannabis as part of the new Federal Marijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR) program.

Home grows by Canadian patients are being phased out; those will no longer be allowed, and larger companies will commercially grow the medical cannabis supply, due to reorganization of the medical marijuana program by the Harper government.

The company said its R&D plans come from feedback and interviews with doctors, nurse practitioners and patients across the country who are calling for a scientific approach to medical marijuana.

MediJean said their commitment includes growing the knowledge bank that exists for cannabis. Currently they have their scientists performing research on the more than 200 "building block" cannabis strains that hold the most promise for medical marijuana products.

"We believe that through our systematic isolation of genotypes and marrying of diverse strains into products that can be tailored for specific disorders, that we can harness the power and diversity of this remarkable plant, and provide the best possible choices for our patients," said Anton Mattadeen, chief strategy officer at MediJean.

Canada: Free-Market Medical Marijuana Overhaul Starts Tuesday


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Canada's Conservative government kicked off a $1.3 billion medical marijuana overhaul on Tuesday that it hopes will serve nearly half a million patients by 2024. The system switches medicinal cannabis cultivation from a cottage industry to one controlled by big businesses.

"Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations," the new system, will "provide access to quality-controlled marihuana for medical purposes, produced under secure and sanitary conditions, to those Canadians who need it," according to the government health agency, Health Canada, reports Hunter Stuart at The Huffington Post. ("Marihuana" is spelled that old-fashioned way because of a precedent set in Canada's controlled substances law.)

It's a major change in the way medical marijuana is distributed in Canada. Until now, medicinal cannabis has mainly been produced by individual growers, who were allowed to supply up to two patients each. Those small-time growers will have their licenses canceled, and large, privately owned marijuana farms will replace them.

Canada: Toronto Mayor Admits Smoking 'A Lot' of Marijuana


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Toronto Mayor Rob Ford on Wednesday admitted that he's smoked "a lot" of marijuana.

After a campaign address, Mayor Ford took questions from reporters, and was asked if he had ever smoked pot, reports The Guardian.

"Oh yeah," the mayor said, chuckling. "I won't deny that. I smoked a lot of it."

Ford would not answer when asked how recently he had smoked weed.

The mayor made world headlines earlier this year when allegations surfaced that he was caught on video smoking crack cocaine. The video has not been publicly released, and Ford has refused to step down.

"I do not use crack cocaine, nor am I am addict of crack cocaine," he said.

Ford admitted three years ago that he was charged with driving under the influence and marijuana possession in Florida in the 1990s.

He pleaded "no contest" to the impaired driving charge, and the drug charge was dropped.

Ford was asked about his cannabis consumption after Liberals leader Justin Trudeau admitted that he smoked a joint three years ago, while a member of Parliament. Trudeau said that marijuana should be legalized and regulated.

Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne joined the chorus on Wednesday, admitting she smoked "a little pot" about 35 years ago.

Study: Heavy Marijuana Use Linked to Better Memory, Brain Function in Schizophrenia


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Marijuana helps patients with schizophrenia, according to new research from Canada.

A study published in the scholarly journal Psychiatry Research found that heavy cannabis users performed better on memory tasks than those who avoided marijuana.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans also revealed better brain function in an area responsible for complex thinking and decision making, reports

University of Montreal researchers studied 145 patients with a dual diagnosis -- "cannabis dependence" and schizophrenia -- and 14 patients with schizophrenia only. "Our results suggest that emotional memory and prefrontal lobe functioning are preserved in dual-diagnosis patients," the researchers wrote.

Researchers saw no difference between the emotional responses of the two groups during resting states, although patients were evaluated based on emotional memory.

The authors suggest that the better performance of marijuana users could reflect a "more general difference" in memory.

U.S./Canada Border: Marijuana Found On Justin Bieber Tour Bus; Star Not Aboard


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

U.S. Customs and Border Patrol agents at the Canadian border on Sunday found marijuana on one of Justin Bieber's tour buses as it crossed into Detroit from Windsor, Canada, but the teen pop sensation wasn't on the bus at the time.

The bus was stopped as it attempted to enter the United States on the Ambassador Bridge when a police dog alerted authorities to the presence of "drugs," CBP spokesman Ken Hammond confirmed, reports Ann Zaniewski at the Detroit Free Press. Customs officers found and seized a small, personal-use amount of marijuana and drug paraphernalia, according to Hammond.

The bus driver was issued a civil citation, Hammond said. The bus and its passengers were then released.

The 19-year-old singer was in another vehicle, and was able to perform later that night at the Joe Louis Arena in Detroit.

A few months before, Bieber was in Sweden when cops discovered a small amount of marijuana and a stun gun aboard one of his tour buses.

(Photo: A.V. Club)

U.S.: Marc Emery's Transfer To Canada Approved


The federal government of the United States has approved a prisoner transfer application for self-styled Prince of Pot Marc Emery, the Canadian marijuana seed merchant serving a five-year sentence for mailing seeds to the U.S.

The transfer must also be signed off upon by Canadian authorities before Emery can return to Canada, according to Cannabis Culture.

Emery's lawyer confirmed to his wife Jodie that American authorities have approved his transfer.

Canadian authorities have, so far, not commented.

Canada: Cannabis Dispensary Association Launches Certification Program


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

The Canadian Association of Medical Cannabis Dispensaries launched its Certification Program on Thursday, June 20. Industry observers characterized it as a survival move, since Health Canada's latest medical marijuana regulations bypass dispensaries for a mail-order only model.

The announcement coincides with the publication of Health Canada's federal Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations in the Canada Gazette.

"The CAMCD Certification Program prioritizes quality patient care, due diligence, and social responsibility," said Adam Greenblatt, CAMCD president. "Our goal is to help medical cannabis dispensaries integrate into the healthcare system and adapt to shifts in the industry."

Medical marijuana dispensaries, also known as compassion clubs, have been operating in Canada since 1996. They serve about 40,000 patients. Dispensaries supply a wide variety of medical cannabis products and derivatives, and provide support around dosing, effective use, and harm reduction.

Despite recommendations from many stakeholders to include community based dispensaries in the new regulations, Health Canada has opted for a mail-order only distribution system.

"This will obstruct reasonable access to medical cannabis, and could result in the disruption of care for tens of thousands of Canadians," Greenblatt said. "Dispensaries have been filling these gaps for over a decade, and our Certification Program will affirm the important role dispensaries play in the provision of medical cannabis."

Canada: New Rules Ban Home Medical Cannabis Cultivation; Patients Outraged


By Steve Elliott
Hemp News

Canada's medical marijuana program will ban the legal cultivation of cannabis by patients next year, and will also shut down its own production, leaving supplies solely to licensed growers in the private sector.

More than 30,000 patients are legally authorized by Health Canada to use marijuana, reports Rod Nickel of Reuters. Canada back in 2001 became the first country to institute a national medical marijuana program, allowing seriously ill patients to grow and use their own medicinal cannabis.

Canada's medical marijuana program also included a government-run cultivation center in an old zinc mine in Flin Flon, Manitoba, although patients compalined the quality of that cannabis was subpar.

"There's far too much potential and actual abuse within the current scheme," claimed Staff Inspector Randy Franks of the Toronto Police Service drug squad. Franks said that police don't have access to the addresses of approved grow sites in private homes.

"These home-grown operations are able to produce far more than they need and they have to do something with it, so they sell it mainstream," Franks claimed, thoughtlessly painting all medical marijuana patients as outlaws.

The new rules became effective on Monday -- but the old rules will run concurrently until March 31, 2014, to allow the Canadian government time to license new growers, according to Jeannine Ritchot, Health Canada's director of medical marijuana regulatory reform.

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