President Obama today commuted the sentences of 22 convicted federal drug offenders, including eight serving life sentences. This action doubles the number of commutations the President has issued since taking office in 2009, and is double the total amount of commutations given out by former President Bush during his eight years in office.
“Had they been sentenced under current laws and policies, many of these individuals would have already served their time and paid their debt to society,” White House counsel Neil Eggleston said in a statement announcing the commutations. “Because many were convicted under an outdated sentencing regime, they served years — in some cases more than a decade — longer than individuals convicted today of the same crime.”
Of the 22 individuals whose sentences were commuted, eight were serving life sentences; six for crack cocaine offenses, one for a meth offense and one for the cultivation of over a thousand cannabis plants.
Eggleston notes that while today’s announcement represents progress, there’s more work ahead.
“The Administration will continue to work to review thoroughly all petitions for clemency”, he says. “And, while commutation is an important tool for those seeking justice and fairness in our penal system, it is nearly always an option of last resort, coming after a lengthy court process and many years behind bars. That is why President Obama is committed to working with Democrats and Republicans on sensible reforms to our criminal justice system that aim to give judges more discretion over mandatory minimum sentencing. As the Department of Justice has noted, mandatory minimum sentences have at times resulted in harsher penalties for non-violent drug offenders than many violent offenders and are not necessary for prosecutions at this level.”
Further information on the sentences that were commuted can be found by clicking here.
The post President Obama Commutes 22 Drug Sentences, Including 8 Lifetime Sentences appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Florida’s Senate Criminal Justice Committee has approved Senate Bill 902, a proposal to legalize hemp, with a unanimous 5 to 0 vote. The measure was approved last week, also unanimously, by the Senate Agriculture Committee.
If passed into law, the proposal – titled the Hemp Industry Development Act and filed by Senator Jeff Clemens – would allow those wanting to cultivate hemp to become legally licensed with the state to do so. The Agriculture Department would be the entity tasked with handling licenses and regulations.
According to a recent report by the Hemp Industries Association, there was over $600 million in hemp products sold in the U.S. in 2014, not including sales from many major retailers such as Whole Foods and Costco.
Senate Bill 902 has been sent to the Senate Regulated Industries Committee, where its passage will send it to the Senate Appropriations Committee.
The post Florida: Second Senate Committee Votes Unanimously to Legalize Industrial Hemp appeared first on The Joint Blog.
By Phillip Smith, StoptheDrugWar.org
An effort to legalize marijuana is getting underway in the Italian parliament, with some 60 lawmakers having signed onto a motion to do just that by the time it was rolled-out three weeks ago. Now, the “all party” group is getting to work on the twin tasks of drafting an actual legalization bill and getting it enacted into law.
The effort is being led by Sen. Benedetto Della Vedova, who is also Italy’s undersecretary of state for foreign affairs. Della Vedova was a long-time member of the country’s Nonviolent Radical Party, but was elected to parliament as a member of the centrist Scelta Civica.
The Radicals are a small but influential party that has called for marijuana legalization since the 1970s, and Della Vedova’s pot politics go back to the last century as well. He and other Radicals were arrested for publicly distributing hashish at an anti-prohibitionist rally in 1995.
They didn’t get much political traction then, but times have changed. Della Vedova is a senator, not an agitator; there is support from within the governing coalition and even from within law enforcement; and the Italian public seems to be ready to relax the pot laws.
A little more than a year ago, the country’s top court threw out a 2006 law that put marijuana in the same legal category as heroin and cocaine and swelled the country’s prison population. That Berlusconi-era approach has been replaced by a sort of decriminalization, where users face misdemeanor charges, but only fines or administrative penalties, such as suspension of a driver’s license. But people caught growing plants still face possible jail time.
That softening of the marijuana laws went largely unopposed and unremarked upon. A more remarkable indication of changing attitudes was the February release of the National Anti-Mafia Directorate’s annual report. That report from Italy’s top crime-fighting organization said frankly that marijuana prohibition had failed and that it was time to consider legalization.
In view of “the failure of prohibition,” the group will draft “a pragmatic, non-ideological bill” regulating marijuana, thus diverting profits from organized crime from organized crime,”Senator Della Vedova told reporters as he announced the measure. “Repressive action has totally failed.”
The time has come, he said.
“This is a bipartisan proposition from members of the parliament of different political backgrounds,” Della Vedova said. “This shows that even in Italy, a pragmatic approach, based on a rigorous cost-benefit analysis, is now increasingly popular in the political and cultural debate, not only outside but also inside the parliament.”
The idea is picking up steam, Carmelo Palma, technical coordinator for the parliamentary working group, told the Drug War Chronicle this week.
“The group has now reached more than a hundred members, and it’s very rare that a group of concerned legislators get together during a session to attempt to co-draft a bill,” he said. “This is more than just a nice beginning.”
Most of the signatories are from the ruling center-left Democratic Party, although some members of right parties have signed on as well. Prime Minister Matteo Renzi hasn’t commented on the push, but has previously gone on record supporting the decriminalization of “soft drugs.”
The parliamentary group met for the first time last Thursday to select a coordinator who will gather the various legalization proposals put forward, and there is a meeting to review the scientific evidence around marijuana that will take place in May or June. After that, said Palma, will come a public meeting before parliament recesses for the summer.
The process will take some time, but that’s to be expected, said Radical Party United Nations representative Marco Perduca.
“Some sort of consensus legalization model needs to emerge,” he told the Chronicle. “Being an ‘all-party’ group, there are different approaches, from the super-libertarian to the statist. I think what is clear is that all aspects will have to be regulated, from production to consumption through commercialization.”
Perhaps a limited duration trial program would be the way to go, he suggested.
“In any case, personal cultivation should always be allowed at home, and commercial production should also be allowed with clear rules,” Perduca offered. “As far as selling is concerned, both cannabis social clubs and coffee shops could be models to adopt.”
Perduca was willing see limitations—at least temporarily—on quantities that could be purchased, but rejected restricting sales to citizens, as the Dutch have tried to do in a bid to head off “drug tourism.”
Marijuana legalization is desirable for both moral and practical reasons, the Radical said.
“Isn’t a freer world a good enough answer?” he asked. “Money spent to bust pot smokers has always been money wasted, and legalizing marijuana would allow us to not only invest in other public policies, but also promote a model of where the state doesn’t tell you what to do, but allows you to make your own choices in an informed way.”
It isn’t going to happen this month, or probably even this year, but pot legalization seems to be on its way in Italy. If that’s the case, Italy could lead the way for the rest of Europe. Pot is decriminalized in several countries, and Holland famously turns a blind eye to its famous cannabis coffee shops, but no European country has yet followed the lead of Uruguay and that small but growing number of US states that have freed the weed.
The post Here Comes Italy: The Next Country to Legalize Cannabis? appeared first on The Joint Blog.
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On March 26th and March 28th, the D.C. Cannabis Campaign – the group responsible for legalizing cannabis in the nation’s capital – held events where they distributed thousands of free cannabis seeds to anyone 21 and older. According to estimates from the group, there was over 25,000 seeds distributed over the course of the two-day, 5-hour event.
In D.C., thanks to the passage of Initiative 71 in 2014, the possession of up to two ounces of cannabis, and the private cultivation of up to six cannabis plants, is entirely legal for those 21 and older. However, a legal method of obtaining cannabis or cannabis seeds has yet to be established, meaning these events will allow thousands of individuals to begin cultivating their first legal cannabis plant.
“These seeds are a form of freedom, the whole world has been waiting not just D.C.,” said Patrick Mitchell as he waited in line Saturday for his free seeds.
“Our generation is coming out of the closet with stuff like this”, said Amy Dunham, another D.C. resident that was in line for free seeds Saturday. “A lot of us have been smoking hush hush for many many years.”
“Everyone is really happy to be here”, she added.
“People willing to wait in line for a few seeds that’s a beautiful thing,” says Adam Eidinger of the D.C. Cannabis Campaign.
The D.C. Cannabis Campaign has yet to announce if they’ll be holding more seed-sharing events, but the group tells us that it’s a possibility.
The post Over 25,000 Free Cannabis Seeds Distributed in Washington D.C. appeared first on The Joint Blog.
North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple signed into law Friday House Bill 1436, a proposal to legalize the production and cultivation of industrial hemp.
The proposal, which passed the state’s Senate with a 46 to 1 vote, and was approved by the House of Representatives with an 87 to 5 vote, will legalize the production and cultivation of hemp, which will be defined as having 0.3% THC or less. The measure establishes a regulatory framework that will allow farmers wanting to grow the crop to become licensed with the state.
The measure also authorizes the state’s Agriculture Department, and North Dakota State University (as well as anyone else who becomes licensed to do so), to import, cultivate and resell hemp for the use of conducting research.
House Bill 1436 clarifies that the state will not be required to receive federal approval, or wait for a change in federal law, to begin implementation of the measure.
Although hemp cultivation as part of a state-sanctioned research program is legal under federal law – and despite congressional research indicating that the U.S. imports half a billion dollars in hemp from other countries – hemp cultivation for commercial purposes is illegal for any purpose.
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