By Robert Bergman, ILoveGrowingMarijuana.Com
Bud rot is the worst nightmare for marijuana growers. It’s hard to prevent or identify and it will ruin your whole cannabis crop. Bud rot develops on the inside of the buds and spreads very quick. Even when your marijuana is drying, this mold will stay active so make sure you’re well prepared for this nasty fungus.
1. Prevention is better than cure
Bud rot, also known as botrytis cinerea or grey mold, thrives best when air is very humid and temperatures are low. It develops in the last phase of the flowering period, when air humidity should be between 30% and 40%. The problem is that humidity will increase as you water your marijuana plants. This is why you have to make sure not to give plants too much water and prevent excess spilling. If you water your plants from underneath, make sure you dose the amount so that it takes no longer than one hour for the plants to absorb all of the water. Also, water your plants when the lights have just turned on. Temperatures are then higher and water will damp or be absorbed quicker than when lights are out and your marijuana plants are ‘sleeping’. In addition, make sure the space is very well ventilated and excess air is extracted. Fans must blow air between the buds and lamps, preferably an oscillating fan.
When growing marijuana outdoors, place your plants in sunlight and in an area where wind creates enough ventilation. Morning dew can then damp quickly evaporate or you can help get rid of dew by gently shaking it off. The best case would be to place your marijuana plants indoors at night so that cold air and damp won’t harm them too much. By placing plants slightly higher than the ground for better ground temperatures, you help your plant’s resilience against diseases. You can also treat your marijuana plant with Teldor from Bayer. But only use this on the stem during flowering phase so the wax coating does not rinse off easily.
2. Recognizing marijuana bud rot
Keep an extra close eye on your marijuana plants during the last weeks of the flowering period. Always look for diseases and abnormalities, but especially for bud rot. You’ve come too far to see a good cannabis crop go to waste after all the hours you’ve spent cultivating your plants. You can recognize bud rot by inspecting the small one finger leaves growing from the buds. If these are green, you’re in the clear. If these have a yellow or brown color, chances are you have bud rot. These leaves let go easily when removed and do not look healthy. If you see this kind of leaf, remove it immediately and bend open the top carefully and look inside and see if things are looking OK.
Once you’ve identified bud rot on your plants, you need to act quickly. It might be hard on you, but you have to remove any and all infested buds. Bud rot spreads very quickly and it will ruin your entire crop. Use disinfected scissors to cut out rotting buds. Also be very careful not to touch healthy buds with your infected hands. Check every day for bud rot and cut out infected buds immediately!
Want to know more about growing marijuana? Check out the FREE book Marijuana Plant Care for more information!
The post How To Identify And Prevent Bud Rot On Marijuana Plants appeared first on The Joint Blog.
It’s no secret that there has been a proliferation government agencies across the country removing minors and infants from their home, based solely on the fact that a parent is a cannabis consumer, and the false presumption that the presence of marijuana poses a danger. This even occurs in states with a legal medical marijuana program, or where marijuana possession is no longer a criminal offense. Some of these experiences can be incredibly traumatic to the child, as well as the parents, as officers have a tendency to use aggressive and sometimes militaristic tactics while engaging with these families.
NORML receives dozens of calls and emails every month from devastated parents who have lost custody of their children to state agencies, and we remain committed to providing support and resources to those forced into these unfortunate circumstances. In light of such efforts, we are pleased to announce that NORML has recently partnered with the newly formed Family Law and Cannabis Alliance (FLCA), founded by longtime drug reform activists Jess Cochrane and Sara Arnold. The FLCA is an informational clearinghouse that provides educational resources, advocacy information and legal referrals geared toward reformers & affected families on the crossover of marijuana laws & the child protection system.
Sabrina Fendrick, Director of Women’s Outreach said, she is “looking forward to working with the Family Law and Cannabis Alliance to raise awareness about the devastating effects, and sometimes dangerous practice, of child services in removing children from their safe and loving homes for the mere fact a parent is a cannabis consumer. It is time to end this destructive policy, and put an end to marijuana prohibition once and for all.”
Click here for more information on the Family Law and Cannabis Alliance.
By Simone Fischer, BrightSidePX.com
As I navigate my way through the cannabis industry, I can’t help but wonder about its current relationship with women. Most of the time when I do find visible women within the community, I see “420 nurses” or other types of scantly-clad females.
I find it interesting that despite the rampant sexual objectification of women in the cannabis industry, women are still often faced with the stigma of using cannabis in the first place. Some have gone as far to say that using cannabis is an “unladylike” or “unappealing” habit for a woman to have. As far as I know, using cannabis knows no gender, but many women are confronted with inherent shame when opening up about it.
I have a theory.
Lets go back to 1949 during the time when propaganda around “Reefer Madness” was peaking. Kristen Gwynne’s article on Alternet teases out some of the issues in the film She Shoulda Said ‘No!’. The story line revolves around a girl who experiments with cannabis which consequently heightens her sexual promiscuity, undoubtably portrayed in a negative light. First off, causation does not prove correlation. Smoking weed does not inherently make you a slut.
Secondly, this type of thinking promotes the same kind of victim blaming that we also see with alcohol intoxication. The idea that if women choose to use these substances, the consequence of rape or other forms of sexual violence is a given. This is victim blaming and slut-shaming.
The previous generation of America has systematically used women’s sexualities to discourage the use of cannabis. “Don’t smoke weed unless you are willing to risk your self-worth and/or reputation”. This is another example of the sexist double standards that often applies to women, while leaving men unexamined in the same light. The purity myth when applied to cannabis works to discourage female experimentation with cannabis, which is still happening today.
If women still feeling guilty about opening up about smoking pot, the chances of them being involved within the cannabis world is slim. The unwarranted sexual stigma associated with women and cannabis usage has also worked to isolate women from the cannabis industry. Rape culture has been perpetuated through the prohibition mindset by the handy work of the U.S. government. Women should not be unfairly judged because they smoke pot.
You should be able to do your thing ladies. Stigma free.
In order to break the stigmas that female cannabis users are faced with, we must work to “come out” of the green closet as women. To successfully legitimize cannabis in society at large, women must recognize and validate our own experiences and usage. This alone can be daunting due to the harsh backlash women often endure when deviating from gender norms. Mothers are especially criticized for their cannabis use which brings up serious race, class, and gender issues.
Women must start recognizing the responsibility of claiming their experiences with cannabis. But with that said, if the cannabis industry wants to succeed in the inclusion of women without stigma, the issues on gender oppression must be addressed.
Lets work together to create a cannabis industry that everybody can relate too.
The post Shredding The Social Stigma Between Women And Marijuana appeared first on The Joint Blog.
A new study published this week by the National Institute of Health has found that cannabinoids can prevent the effects of stress-induced depression.
For the study – which was conducted at the University of Haifa – researchers used animal models to examine if activation of the body’s cannabinoid receptors (something which cannabis does naturally) can “ameliorate the effects of CMS [chronic mild stress] on emotional learning (ie, conditioned avoidance and extinction), long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampal-accumbens pathway and depression-like symptoms (ie, coping with stress behavior, anhedonia and weight changes).”
Researchers found that cannabinoid receptor activation “prevented the CMS-induced alterations in emotional memory (ie, extinction) and plasticity.”
Researchers concluded that; “The findings suggest that enhancing cannabinoid signaling could represent a novel approach to the treatment of cognitive deficits that accompany stress-related depression.”
This study will be published in print in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
The post New Study: Cannabis Can Prevent the Effects of Stress-Related Depression appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Although a vote still needs to take place, it’s official: Washington D.C., the capital of the United States, will soon decriminalize cannabis possession. Yesterday the district’s mayor came out in full support of a proposal to remove criminal charges for the possession of up to an ounce of cannabis; the proposal is sponsored by a majority of the district’s council.
Under current D.C. law, the possession of even a miniscule amount of cannabis can net someone a prison sentence of up to 6 months; recent reports have found that minorities are drastically more likely to be arrested for cannabis, demonstrating a strong need for reform. This new proposal – introduced by Councilman Tommy Wells in July – would make the possession of up to an ounce of cannabis a simple $100 ticket.
This move is supported by a large majority of the district’s residents; according to recent polling, 75% of those in D.C. are in favor of decriminalizing cannabis. The same poll found that 64% are favor of legalization.
The post It’s Official: Washington D.C. to Decriminalize Cannabis Possession appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Cannabinoids Can Treat, Prevent Prostate Cancer, According to New National Institute of Health Study
A new study using a compound meant to mimic the medicinal effects of cannabinoids has found that activation of the body’s cannabinoid receptors – something which cannabis does naturally – can prevent, and treat hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. The study was published this month by the U.S. National Institute of Health.
According to researchers of the study; “In the in vivo treatment, compound 4 [a synthetic cannabinoid] at 2 mg/kg, blocks the growth of LNCaP tumors and reduces the growth of PC-3 tumors generated in mice.”
They continue, stating that cannabinoids are a “good potential anticancer agent against hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.”
The study was conducted at the Instituto de Química Médica, CSIC, Calle Juan de la Cierva in Madrid, Spain. It will appear in print in the European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
The post Cannabinoids Can Treat, Prevent Prostate Cancer, According to New National Institute of Health Study appeared first on The Joint Blog.
A new study conducted by researchers at the Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy at Semmelweis University in Hungary, and published by the United States National Library of Medicine, has found promising evidence to suggest that cannabis may be a gastroprotectant.
According to the study; “Stimulation of central angiotensin AT1 receptors via activation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors [something which cannabis does naturally] induces gastroprotection in a DAGL-dependent and vagus-mediated mechanism.”
Here is the entire abstract from the study;
The aim of the present study was to analyze whether angiotensin II via the endocannabinoid system can induce gastric mucosal protection, since transactivation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors by angiotensin AT1 receptor in CHO cells was described. Experimental ulcer was induced by acidified ethanol given orally in male Wistar rats, CB1(+/+) wild type and CB1(-/-) knock out mice. The compounds were administered intracerebroventricularly. It was found, that 1./ Angiotensin II inhibited the ethanol-induced gastric lesions (11.9-191 pmol); the effect of angiotensin II (191 pmol) was inhibited by the CB1 receptor inverse agonist AM 251 (1.8 nmol) and the inhibitor of diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL), tetrahydrolipstatin (0.2 nmol). 2./ Angiotensin II exerted gastroprotection in wild type, but not in CB1(-/-) mice. 3./ The gastroprotective effect of angiotensin II (191 pmol) was reduced by atropine (1 mg/kg i.v.) and bilateral cervical vagotomy. In conclusion, stimulation of central angiotensin AT1 receptors via activation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors induces gastroprotection in a DAGL-dependent and vagus-mediated mechanism.
The post Cannabis May Be A Gastroprotectant, Says New Study appeared first on The Joint Blog.
The DC City Council Committee on the Judiciary and Public Safety will hold public hearings on legislation introduced earlier this year by Councilman Tommy Wells, B20-0409: The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act of 2013. The measure will receive two public hearings, one on Wednesday evening from 6:30pm until 9:00pm at the Anacostia Neighborhood Library located at 1800 Good Hope Road SE. The hearing will reconvene Thursday at 11:30am in Room 500 of the John A. Wilson Building located at 1350 Pennsylvania Ave, NW.
NORML will be testifying along with other allied groups in favor of this legislation. The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act would make the possession of up to one ounce of marijuana by those 18 years of age or older a civil violation, punishable by a $100 fine. Currently, the possession of any amount of marijuana in the District of Columbia is a misdemeanor punishable by up to 6 months incarceration or a maximum $1,000 fine. A survey conducted by Public Policy Polling earlier this year found that 75% of DC residents support this reform.
A live stream of the hearings should be available here, the video will also be archived on the City Council website for viewing at a later date.
If you live in DC and can’t attend the hearing, you can quickly and easily contact your City Council member in support of this measure by clicking here.
You can read NORML’s testimony below:
Written Testimony Regarding B20-0409: The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act of 2013, Before the DC City Council, Committee on the Judiciary and Public Safety
By Erik Altieri, Communications Director
NORML | NORML Foundation
October 24, 2013
NORML applauds the members of the City Council for holding this hearing regarding the decriminalization of personal use amounts of marijuana.
B20-0409: The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act of 2013 reduces minor marijuana possession penalties (those involving the possession of 1 ounce or less) from a criminal misdemeanor, punishable by up to six-months in jail and a $1000 fine, to a civil infraction punishable by a fine only. This common sense, fiscally responsible proposal will cut costs, improve public safety, and have a positive impact on the quality of life of thousands of adults in the District of Columbia.
This Measure Will Improve The Quality Of Life For DC Citizens
In 2011, about 4,300 District citizens were arrested for possessing small amounts of marijuana at the estimated cost of over 20 million dollars. These arrests disproportionately effect people of color, with African American residents being arrested at 8 times the rate of their white counterparts despite similar use rates. This statistic makes the District 2nd in the nation when it comes to racial disparities, falling just behind Iowa. While only accounting for 51.6% of the population, people of color account for more than 90% of all marijuana arrests. Passage of this measure would spare many of these citizens from criminal arrest, prosecution, and incarceration, as well as the emotional and financial hardships that follow — including the loss of certain jobs, students loans, federal and state subsidies, and child custody rights.
Most adult marijuana users act responsibly. They are not part of the crime problem and they should not be treated like serious criminals. This legislation would maintain monetary sanctions for marijuana possession violations, but would spare offenders from being saddled with lifelong criminal records. This change would continue to discourage marijuana abuse, while halting the practice of permanently criminalizing thousands of otherwise law-abiding citizens.
B20-0409 Will Cut Costs And Improve Public Safety
Law enforcement resource allocation is a zero-sum gain. The time that a police officer spends arresting and processing minor marijuana offenders is time when he or she is not out on the streets protecting the public from more significant criminal activity. Passage of this bill would allow law enforcement, prosecutors, and the courts to re-allocate their existing resources toward activities that will more effectively target serious criminal behavior and keep the public safe. In recent years, lawmakers in California (2010), Connecticut (2011) and Vermont (2013) have enacted similar legislation for these reasons. To date, these laws are working as lawmakers intended.
District Residents Strongly Support Decriminalization
Public opinion strongly favors such a reprioritization of law enforcement resources. Marijuana ‘decriminalization,’ as proposed under The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act, presently enjoys support from the majority of Americans. According to a DC poll conducted by Public Policy Polling earlier this year, 75 percent of D.C. residents support decriminalizing small amounts of marijuana.
Contrary to the concerns of some, the passage of this legislation would not negatively impact marijuana use patterns or attitudes. Passage of similar legislation in other states has not led to increased marijuana use or altered adolescents’ perceptions regarding the potential harms of drug use. In fact, the only United States government study ever commissioned to assess whether the enforcement of strict legal penalties positively impacts marijuana use found, “Overall, the preponderance of the evidence which we have gathered and examined points to the conclusion that decriminalization has had virtually no effect either on the marijuana use or on related attitudes and beliefs about marijuana use among American young people.”
Support Public Safety: Vote ‘Yes’ On The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act
The Simple Possession of Small Quantities of Marijuana Decriminalization Act seeks to reduce government expenditures and promote public safety. These are goals that lawmakers should support. It makes no sense to continue to treat responsible adult cannabis consumers as criminals. While NORML encourages the Council to approve this measure, we hope that you will also continue to pursue further marijuana law reforms. Amending this legislation to include limited personal cultivation of several marijuana plants would allow consumers to have an alternative source instead of continuing to funnel money into the black market. Ultimately, we urge the Council to consider moving further, to a system that regulates marijuana in a manner similar to alcohol, which would put marijuana commerce in the hands of regulated businesses and away from criminal elements. Thank you for your time and consideration of this measure.
By John Novak, Editor, 420leaks.org
Recently the Washington State Liquor Control Board, the Department of Health and the Department of Revenue came out with their first draft of recommendations to the legislators for medical cannabis laws. The three departments were asked to come up with these recommendations after an amendment was slipped into the 2013 Budget Bill over the summer. It was introduced by Senator Ann Rivers. The group also includes John Lane from the Governor’s office and several other legislative assistants.
The recommendations were more draconian than even we had imagined. In order to protect the profits of the I-502 recreational stores, our state officials have removed any doubt about their intentions. Here’s the main points:
1. Eliminate home grows and collective gardens
2. Eliminate the affirmative defense by instituting a mandatory patient and designated provider registry
3. Eliminate the process for adding new conditions, forcing patients to lobby for changes in legislation to cover their condition.
4. Force patients to purchase cannabis through recreational, I-502 stores with possible tax exemptions.
We have been screaming from the rooftops to everyone that would listen and have been ignored until now. Hopefully, this is the wakeup call you need to get up and speak to your local legislators. The time to act is now! Tell them to LEAVE MEDICAL CANNABIS ALONE!
15 years of medical cannabis laws, legal precedence and now people’s lives and livelihood are now being threatened by a small group of government bureaucrats looking to expand their authority. Do not let this state put profits over patients.
Please check out our website at 420leaks.org and get informed about what your government is doing and how you can help. We have the public documents that prove this has been their plan all along.
View the TIMELINE of events here: http://420leaks.org/?p=363
View the MMJ Work Group recommendations here: https://lcb.app.box.com/draft-recommendations
Find your Legislator here http://app.leg.wa.gov/DistrictFinder/
You may send a brief message to your district legislators through the in-state toll-free Hotline number: 800.562.6000. You may send an e-mail message to your legislator by using the legislator e-mail services at https://dlr.leg.wa.gov/MemberEmail/Default.aspx. The Hearing Impaired can send a brief message to their district legislators through the in-state toll-free TTY Hotline number: 800.635-9993.
The post Medical Patients’ Rights Being Threatened in Washington State appeared first on The Joint Blog.
The U.S. Federal Drug Administration has given unprecedented approval for two separate trials of Epidiolex, a liquid medicine made entirely of cannabis; the substance contains 98% cannabidiol, a nonpsychoactive compound found in cannabis – the remaining 2% consist of various trace amounts of other cannabinoids.
The studies will be led by Orrin Devinsky, MD at New York University’s School of Medicine, and Roberta Cilio, MD, PhD, at the University of California.
Each study will involve 25 participants, all children.
Epidiolex is manufactured by GW Pharmaceuticals, the company behind Sativex, a cannabis-derived medicinal spray which has been approved for treating multiple sclerosis in multiple countries, including Canada.
According to Geoffrey Guy, MD, chairman of GW Pharmaceuticals, cannabidiol is more than just an anti-seizure agent. “It’s anti-inflammatory, neuro-modulatory, and has been shown in animals to counter neonatal hypoxic ischemia [oxygen starvation during delivery] —an important problem you see after seizures in these children.”
The post BREAKING: FDA Approves Trials for Cannabis-Based Epilepsy Medicine appeared first on The Joint Blog.
A new Gallup poll has found that a strong majority – 58% – of those in America support the recreational legalization of cannabis. This marks the first time that the annual poll has found majority support for the issue. When the polling firm began asking the question in 1969, support for legalizing cannabis was at 12%.
“Success at the ballot box in the past year in Colorado and Washington may have increased Americans’ tolerance for marijuana legalization”, state’s Gallup in today’s press release about the polling; “Support for legalization has jumped 10 percentage points since last November and the legal momentum shows no sign of abating.”
The poll found that those aged 65 and older were the only age group to oppose the move, though support is still at 45%, which is only 3% lower than the average for the whole nation in last year’s poll. Support was high among Democrats (65%) and Independents (62%), with Republican support remaining considerably lower, but growing (35%).
According to Gallup: “With Americans’ support for legalization quadrupling since 1969, and localities on the East Coast such as Portland, Maine, considering a symbolic referendum to legalize marijuana, it is clear that interest in this drug and these issues will remain elevated in the foreseeable future.
New Gallup Poll: 58% Support Cannabis Legalization
The post New Gallup Poll: 58% of Americans Support Cannabis Legalization appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Gallup released new polling data today that shows an overwhelming majority of Americans want marijuana to be legalized. According to their survey, 58% of Americans support legalizing marijuana, while only 39% are opposed. This is up significantly from the last time Gallup polled the question in 2012, when only 48% of Americans were in favor and 50% were opposed. For historical perspective, the first time they surveyed this question in 1969 a paltry 12% of Americans were in favor of legalization.
The support for marijuana legalization has seen unprecedented momentum in the past several years. Gallup observes, “Whatever the reasons for Americans’ greater acceptance of marijuana, it is likely that this momentum will spur further legalization efforts across the United States. Advocates of legalizing marijuana say taxing and regulating the drug could be financially beneficial to states and municipalities nationwide.”
“The American people have opened their eyes to the failure that is marijuana prohibition and there is no putting the genie back in the bottle. Following the successful passage of marijuana legalization initiatives in Colorado and Washington in 2012, the people of this country see that a new approach to marijuana policy is both required and possible,” stated NORML Communications Director Erik Altieri, “The majority of Americans now agree that it is time to legalize and regulate. The issue can no longer be ignored or sidelined. Legalization is now the mainstream position and supporters of perpetuating our war on marijuana will continue to be further relegated to the fringe.”
The strongest support was coming from those ages 18-29 (67%), ages 30-49 (62%), Democrats (65%), and Independents (62%). The only major demographic groups lacking majority support are those 65+ (45%) and Republicans (35%).
Full poll results can be viewed here.
Earlier this year, we came within just 4 votes on the floor of the Maine House of Representatives on legislation that would have put marijuana legalization before state voters this fall. While that effort fell short, voters in the city of Portland will still have the chance to vote on marijuana legalization this November. Question 1 will be on the Portland ballot and would legalize the adult possession of up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana. With just two weeks left, we can use all the help we can get to pass this initiative. If you live in Portland and want to find out how you can assist, please contact David Boyer at email@example.com.
WGME CBS 13 will air a special internet broadcast of a Town Hall Forum on Thursday, October 24, from 7:30-8:30pm, concerning the issue of legalizing small amounts of marijuana in Portland. If you wish to attend in person, apply in advance to be in the audience at wgme.com. Audience members will have the opportunity to ask questions in person and online via social media, using www.facebook.com/wgme13 and on Twitter using #YourVoiceYourFuture. The forum will air live on wgme.com and be broadcast on WGME CBS 13 on Sunday, October 27th at 11:35 PM.
In further news, it is our distinct pleasure to announce we will once again be pursuing statewide legislation to legalize and regulate marijuana in Maine. NORML and Representative Diane Russell have drafted and prepared legislation for introduction that would legalize the possession of up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana and the personal cultivation of up to 6 plants. Retail outlets would be licensed by the Alcoholic Beverages, Cannabis and Lottery Operation within the Department of Administrative and Financial Services. We will be releasing final bill language as we get closer to its introduction, but we want to make sure this effort is on your radar, as it was the outpouring of grassroots support that helped us get so close to victory this year. If you would be interested in helping with this future statewide effort in Maine, please contact NORML Communications Director Erik Altieri at firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also click here to sign on to pledge your support for the legislation here.
Together, we WILL legalize marijuana in Portland this year and across Maine in 2014.
By Tony Nenninger, Attorney at Law
When I met Jeff Mizanskey’s son at a Show-Me Cannabis Regulation statewide meeting in 2012, I already knew about countless nightmares peaceful citizens had suffered because of cannabis prohibition, but I could hardly believe there was someone in Missouri serving life without parole for a cannabis-only offense. After meeting Jeff in the Jefferson City maximum security prison and reviewing his legal records, I know this is a nightmare he will die in prison with if we on the outside do not help. Jeff’s family and I shared his hopes that the proposed initiative petition provision to release all cannabis-only offenders from prison, probation, and parole would awaken Jeff and others from the nightmare of cannabis prohibition and we continue to hope future proposals will include this provision.
In 1993, a vehicle was stopped for a traffic violation and 84 pounds of cannabis was found. The transporters agreed to assist police in arresting the intended recipient. An audiovisual recording police made with hidden equipment shows the transporters and the police were surprised that Jeff drove the intended recipient to the motel for the meeting. Jeff and the intended recipient were arrested as they left the motel room. Seven pounds of cannabis was found under the intended recipient’s jacket. Only three grams of cannabis was found in Jeff’s pocket, but he was prosecuted for aiding the intended recipient in possessing cannabis with intent to distribute. The transporters were never charged. The intended recipient pleaded guilty and received a ten year sentence. Jeff contested his charges and, after a jury convicted him, a judge sentenced him to life. (It is not clear from the record whether the now-deceased judge intended to deny the possibility of parole, but, based on the Court Clerk’s entries on the judgment form, Jeff is being held without parole).
Jeff was sentenced under Missouri law as a prior and persistent drug offender because he had three prior cannabis-only felony convictions. In 1984, Jeff sold one ounce to an informant, who obtained a search warrant for Jeff’s house where over 35 grams was found the next day. In 1991, Jeff pleaded guilty to possessing over 35 grams. He was arrested in December of 1993 for his current charges and has been incarcerated ever since. Jeff has no other criminal record. There was no violence, guns, juveniles or other aggravating factors involved in any of his convictions. Jeff has been an ideal inmate who has maintained good behavior and prison jobs during his incarceration. Jeff has has made numerous unsuccessful attempts to get relief from the Missouri Court of Appeals and Federal Courts during the past 20 years of his incarceration.
Jeff recently submitted an application for executive clemency to Governor Nixon asking that his sentence be commuted to time served. Many prisoners make these applications. It is rare that a case gets enough of a Governor’s attention to be seriously considered. However, like all politicians, Governor Nixon will notice if enough citizens call a political issue to his attention. That is why Jeff and I are asking that concerned citizens write a short letter today to Governor Nixon asking that he commute Jeff Mizanskey’s sentence to time served.
Please e-mail a copy of any such letter to me so that we can keep track of citizen support to end this senseless nightmare. Jeff and I thank you for your personal assistance.
The post Missourian Serving Life Without Parole for Cannabis Convictions appeared first on The Joint Blog.
A new study published in the journal Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology has found that cannabidiol, a compound found in cannabis, may treat OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder).
According to the start of the study’s abstract; “Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the main components of Cannabis sp, presents clinical and preclinical anxiolytic properties. Recent results using the marble-burying test (MBT) suggest that CBD can also induce anticompulsive-like effects.”
“This study represents the first direct demonstration of the role of the endocannabinoid system on the antihyperalgesic effect of ankle joint mobilization.”
Researchers at the University of Sao Paulo’s School of Medicine tested cannabidiol on rats with OCD, and found that; “The results, in addition to reinforcing a possible anti-compulsive effect of CBD, also suggest that mCPP-induced repetitive burying could be a useful test for the screening of compounds with presumed anticompulsive properties.”
Researchers conclude that; “the serotonergic and cannabinoid systems interact to control repetitive behaviors, although the precise nature of this interaction is not clear.”
This study was also published online by the National Institute of Health.